Epitaxial Graphene Publications

Epitaxial Graphene Lab Publications

The following articles were produced with support from MRSEC:

Y. Zhou, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, J. Shim, J. Meyer, A. Giordano, H. Li, P. Winget, T. Papadopoulos, H. Cheun, J. Kim, M. Fenoll, A. Dindar, W. Haske, E. Najafabadi, T. Khan, H. Sojoudi, S. Barlow, S. Graham, S. Marder, B. Kippelen, "A Universal Method To Produce Low Work Function Electrodes For Organic Electronics," Science, Vol 336, 327 -332 (2012).

J. Hicks, A. Tejeda, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi,, M.S. Nevius, , F. Wang, , K. Shepperd, J. Palmer, F. Bertran, P. Le Fèvre,, J. Kunc, W.A. de Heer, C. Berger, E.H. Conrad, , "A wide band gap metal-semiconductor-metal nanostructure made entirely from graphene," Nature Phys., Vol 9, 49 (2013)

 T. Winzer, "Absorption saturation in optically excited graphene," Applied Physics Letters, Vol 101, 221115 (2012).

H.M. Chiu, S.M. Dogan, M.M. Volkmann, C.M. Klinke, E.M. Riedo, "Adhesion and size dependent friction anisotropy in boron nitride nanotubes," Nanotechnology, Vol 23, 455706 (2012).

E. Bekyarova, S. Sarkar, S. Niyogi, M.E. Itkis, R.C. Haddon, "Advances in the Chemical Modification of Epitaxial Graphene," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. , Vol 45, 154009 -18 (2012).

M. M. Orlita, C. M. Faugeras, P. M. Plochocka, P. K. Neugebauer, G. M. Martinez, D. K. Maude, A. M. Barra, M. A. Sprinkle, C. M. Berger, W. A. de Heer, M. M. Potemski, "Approaching the Dirac point in high mobility multilayer epitaxial graphene," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 101, 267601 (2009).

H. Zhang, E. Bekyarova, J. Huang, Z. Zhao, W. Bao, F. Wang, R.C. Haddon, C. Lau, "Aryl Functionalization as a Route to Band Gap Engineering in Single layer Graphene Devices," Nano Lett., Vol 11, 4047 -4051 (2011).

B. Sierra-Martin, "Bulk and shear moduli of compressed microgel suspensions," Physical Review E, (2012).

J. Lietor-Santos, "Bulk and shear moduli of compressed microgel suspensions," Physical Review E, (2012)

B. Sierra-Martin, Y. Laporte, A.B. South, L.A. Lyon, A. Fernandez-Nieves, "Bulk modulus of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) microgels through the swelling transition," Phys. Rev. E., Vol 84, (2011).

S. Winnerl, M. Orlita, P. plochoka, P. Kossacki, M. Potemski, T. Winzer, E. Malic, A. Knorr, M. Sprinkle, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, H. Schneider, M. Helm, "Carrier dynamics in epitaxial graphene close to the Dirac point," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol 107, 237401 (2011).

S. Barraza-Lopez, M. Kindermann, M. Chou, "Charge Transport through Graphene Junctions with Wetting Metal Leads," Nano Letters, Vol 12, 3424 -3430 (2012).

E. Bekyarova, M. E. Itkis, P. Ramesh, R. C. Haddon, "Chemical Approach to the Realization of Electronic Devices in Epitaxial Graphene," Phys. Stat. Sol. RRL, vol. 3, 184-186 (2009).

E. B. Bekyarova, M. E. Itkis, P. M. Ramesh, R. C. Haddon, C. M. Berger, M. M. Sprinkle, W. A. de Heer, "Chemical Modification of Epitaxial Graphene: Spontaneous Grafting of Aryl Groups," JACS, vol. 131:4, 1336-1337 (2009).

S. Zhou, S. Kim, A. Bongiorno, "Chemical Structure of Oxidized Multilayer Epitaxial Graphene: A Density Functional Theory Study," J. Phys. Chem. C, Vol 117, 6267 -6274 (2013).

S. Sarkar, E. Bekyarova, R.C. Haddon, "Chemistry at the Dirac Point:Diels-Alder reactivity of Graphene," Acc. Chem. Res., Vol 45, 673 -682 (2012)

D. Sun, C. Divin, J. Rioux, J. E. Sipe, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, P. N. First, T. B. Norris, "Coherent Control of Ballistic Photocurrents in Multilayer Epitaxial Graphene Using Quantum Interference," Nano Letters, vol. 10:4, 1293-1296 (2010).


M. Lucas, E. Riedo, "Combining scanning probe microscopy with optical spectroscopy for applications in biology and materials science," Review of Scientific instruments, Vol in Press, (2012).

S.E. Bryan, Y. Yang, R. Murali, "Conductance of epitaxial graphene nanoribbons: influence of size effects and substrate morphology," Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol 115, Iss 20, 10230 -10235 (2011).

S. Niyogi, E. Bekyarova, J. Hong, S. Khizroev, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, R.C. Haddon, "Covalent Chemistry for Graphene Electronics," Phys. Chem. Lett. , Vol 2, 2487 -2498 (2010).

S. Sarkar, E. Bekyarova, R.C. Haddon, "Covalent Chemistry in Graphene Electronics," Mater. Today, Vol 15, Iss 6, 276 -285 (2012).

H.M. Sojoudi, J.M. Baltazar, L.M. Tolbert, C.M. Henderson, S.M. Graham, "Creating Graphene P-N Junctions Through Controlled Modification of Graphene-Dielectric Interfaces," Applied Physics Letters, Vol submitted, (2012).

H. Sojoudi, J. Baltazar, L. Tolbert, C. Henderson, S. Graham, "Creating Graphene P-N Junctions Using Self-Assembled Monolayers,” ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces," ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol 4, 4781 -4786 (2012).

D. Sun, C. Divin, M. Mihnev, T. Winzer, E. Malic, A. Knorr, J. Sipe, C. Berger, W. de Heer, P. First, T. Norris, "Current Relaxation due to Hot Carrier Scattering in Graphene," New Journal of Physics, Vol 14, Iss 105012, (2012).

N. Barrett, E. Conrad, K. Winkler , B. Krömker, "Dark field photoelectron emission microscopy of micron scale few layer graphene," Rev. of Sci. Instrum. , Vol 83, 083706 (2012).

B.M. Sierra-Martin, J.A. Frederick, Y.M. Laporte, G.M. Markou, J.M. Lietor-Santos, A.M. Fernandez-Nieves, "Determination of the bulk modulus of microgel particles," Colloid Polymer Science, (2011).

S. Sarkar, E. Bekyarova, S. Niyogi, R.C. Haddon, "Diels-Alder Chemistry of Graphite and Graphene: Graphene as Diene and Dienophile," J. Am. Chem. Soc., Vol 133, 3324 -3327 (2011).

L. Xian, M. Chou, "Diffusion of Si and C atoms on and between graphene layers," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., Vol 45, 455309 (2012).

S.M. Kim, Y.M. Bastani, H.M. Lu, W.P. King, S.M. Marder, K.H. Sandhage, A.M. Gruverman, E.M. Riedo, N.M. Bassiri-Gharb, "Direct Fabrication of Arbitrary-Shaped Ferroelectric Nanostructures on Plastic, Glass, and Silicon Substrates," Advanced Materials, Vol 23, Iss 33, 3786 -3790 (2011).

G.M. Rutter, N.P. Guisinger, J.N. Crain, P.N. First, J.A. Stroscio, "Edge structure of epitaxial graphene islands," Phys. Rev. B, Vol 81, 245408 (2010).

E. Bekyarova, S. Sarkar, F. Wang, M.E. Itkis, I. Kalinina, X. Tiam, R.C. Haddon, "Effect of Covalent Chemistry on the Electronic Structure and Properties of Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene," Acc. Chem. Res., Vol 46, 65 -76 (2013).

J. Hong, S. Niyogi, E. Bekyarova, M.E. Itkis, R. Palanisamy, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, R.C. Haddon, S. Khizroev, "Effect of Functionalization on the Electrostatic Charging, Tunneling and Raman Spectroscopy of Epitaxial Graphene," J. Vac. Sci. Tech. B , Vol 30, 03D103 -5 (2012).

M.D. Williams, D.W. Hess, "Effect of Growth Morphology on the Electronic Structure of Epitaxial Graphene on SiC," Graphene, Vol 2, 55 -59 (2013).

J. Hong, S. Niyogi, E. Bekyarova, M.E. Itkis, P. Ramesh, N. Amos, D. Litvinov, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, S. Khizroev, R.C. Haddon, "Effect of Nitrophenyl Functionalization on the Magnetic Properties of Epitaxial Graphene," Small, Vol 7, Iss 9, 1175 -1180 (2011).

S.D. Sherpa, G. Levitin, D.W. Hess, "Effect of the Polarity of Carbon-Fluorine Bonds on the Work Function of Plasma-Fluorinated Epitaxial Graphene," Applied Physics Letters, Vol 101, 111602 (2012).

M. Kindermann, P.N. First, "Effective theory of rotationally faulted multilayer graphene: the local limit," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. , Vol 45, 154005 -154010 (2012).


L. Xian, S. Barraza-Lopez, M. Chou, "Effects of electrostatic fields and charge doping on the linear bands in twisted graphene bilayers," Phys. Rev. B, Vol 84, 075425 (2013).

S. Barraza-Lopez, M. Vanevic, M. Kindermann, M. Y. Chou, "Effects of metallic contacts on electron transport through graphene," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 104, 076807 (2010).

D.A. Holden, G.R. Hendrickson, W. Lan, L.A. Lyon, H.S. White, "Electrical signature of the deformation and dehydration of microgels during translocation through nanopores," Soft Matter, Vol 7, (2011).


R. M. Jain, B. M. Domercq, B. M. Kippelen, S. M. Graham, "Electrical Stability of Doped Transparent Carbon Nanotube Electrode," Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 18:17, 2548-2554 (2008).

P. First, D. Miller, "Electron Transport: Study of Electron Orbits in Multilayer Graphene Finds Unexpected Energy Gaps," Georgia Tech Research News, (2010).

J. A. Yan, W. Y. Ruan, M. Y. Chou, "Electron-phonon interactions for optical-phonon modes in few-layer graphene: First-principles calculations," Phys. Rev. B, vol. 79, 115443/1-6 (2009).

C. Berger, J. Veuillen, L. Magaud, P. Mallet, V. Olevano, M. Orlita, P. Plochocka, C. Faugeras, G. Martinez, M. Potemski, C. Naud, L. Levy, D. Mayou, "Electronic properties of epitaxial graphene," International Journal of Nanotechnology , Vol 7, Iss 4/5/6/7/8, 383 -402 (2011).



A. Tejeda, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, W. de Heer, C. Berger, E.H. Conrad, "Electronic structure of epitaxial graphene grown on the C-face of SiC and its relation to the structure," New J. of Phys. , Vol 14, 125007 (2012).

M.E. Itkis, F. Wang, P. Ramesh, E. Bekyarova, S. Niyogi, X. Chi, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, R.C. Haddon, "Enhanced Photosensitivity of Electro-Oxidized Epitaxial Graphene," Appl. Phys Lett, Vol 98, 093115 --4 (2011).

W.A. de Heer, C. Berger, X. Wu, Y. Hu, M. Ruan, J. Stroscio, P.N. First, R.C. Haddon, B. Piot, C. Faugeras, M. Potemski, J.S. Moon, "Epitaxial Graphene Electronic Structure And Transport ," J. Phys D - special Issue Carbon Related Materials Cluster Issue , Vol 3, Iss 7, 374007 (2010).

M. Ruan, Y. Hu, Z. Guo, R. Dong, J. Palmer, J. Hankinson, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, "Epitaxial graphene on silicon carbide: introduction to structured graphene ," MRS Bulletin, Vol 37, 1146 (2012).

M. M. Sprinkle, P. M. Soukiassian, W. A. de Heer, C. M. Berger, E. M. Conrad, "Epitaxial graphene: the material for graphene electronics," Phys. Status Solidi RRL, vol. 3:A91, A91 (2009).

P. N. First, W. A. de Heer, T. Seyller, C. Berger, J. A. Stroscio, J. M. Moon, "Epitaxial Graphenes on Silicon Carbide," MRS Bulletin, vol. 35, 296-305 (2010).

R. K. Jackson, A. M. Munro, K. M. Nebesney, N. M. Armstrong, S. M. Graham, "Evaluation of Transparent Carbon Nanotube Networks of Homogeneous Electronic Type," ACS Nano, vol. 4:3, 1377-1384 (2010).

D. Sun, J. Rioux, J.E. Sipe, Y. Zhou, M. Mihnev, C. Berger, W.A. DeHeer, P.N. First, T.B. Norris, "Evidence for Interlayer Electronic Coupling in Multilayer Epitaxial Graphene from Polarization Dependent Coherently Controlled Photocurrent Generation," Phys. Rev. B, Vol 85, 165427 (2012).



D. Sun, "Evidence for Interlayer Electronic Coupling in Multilayer Epitaxial Graphene from Polarization Dependent Coherently Controlled Photocurrent Generation," Phys. Rev. B, Vol 85, 165427 (2012).

M. M. Sprinkle, D. M. Siegel, Y. M. Hu., J. M. Hicks, P. M. Soukiassian, A. M. Tejeda, A. M. Taleb-Ibrahimi, P. M. Le Fèvre, F. M. Bertran, S. M. Vizzini, H. M. Enriquez, S. M. Chiang, C. M. Berger, W. A. de Heer, A. M. Lanzara, E. M. Conrad, "First direct observation of a nearly ideal graphene band structure," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 103, 226803 (2009).

J.M. Baltazar, H.M. Sojoudi, S.A. Paniagua, J.M. Kowalik, S.R. Marder, L.M. Tolbert, S.M. Graham, C.L. Henderson, "Facile Formation of Graphene P-N Junctions Using Self-Assembled Monolayers," J. Phys. Chem. C, Vol 116, 19095 -19103 (2012).

P. Soukiassian, W. A. de Heer, C. Berger, E. Conrad, M. Sprinkle, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, P. Le Fevre, F. Bertran, S. Vizzini, H. Emriquez, S. Chang, P. Soukiassian, C. Berger, A. Lanzara, E. Conrad, "First Direct Observation of a Nearly Ideal Graphene Band Structure," Phys. Status Soliki RRL, vol. 3:A91, (2009).

Z. Wang, F. Liu, M. Chou, "Fractal Landau-Level Spectra in Twisted Bilayer Graphene," Nano Letters, Vol 12, 3833 -3838 (2012).

Z. Zhang, P.L. Voss, "Full-band quantum-dynamical theory of saturation and four-wave mixing in graphene," Optics Letters, Vol 36, Iss 23, 4569 -4571 (2011).

C.W. Park, A.B. South, X. Hu, C. Verdes, J. Kim, A. Lyon, "Gold nanoparticles reinforce self-healing microgel multilayers," Colloid and Polymer Science, Vol 289, 583 -590 (2011).

E. Cockayne, G.M. Rutter, N.P. Guisinger, J.N. Crain, P.N. First, J.A. Stroscio, "Grain boundary loops in graphene," Phys. Rev. B, Vol 83, 195425 (2012).

W. A. de Heer, "Graphene," Yearbook of Science & Technology, 143 (2009).

J. Hicks, E.H. Conrad, "Graphene investigated by synchrotron radiation," Materials Research Society Bulletin, Vol 37, 1203 (2012).

Magazine: M. Dirjish, C. Berger, "Graphene Nanoribbons Display Metallic Properties," Electronic Design, (2011).

M. Hupalo, E. Conrad, M. Tringides, "Growth mechanism for epitaxial graphene on vicinal 6H-SiC(0001) surfaces: A scanning tunneling microscopy study," Physical Review B, vol. 80, 041401(r) (2009).

X. M. Wu, Y. M. Hu, M. M. Ruan, N. M. Madiomanana, J. M. Hankinson, M. M. Sprinkle, C. M. Berger, W. A. de Heer, "Half integer quantum Hall effect in high mobility single layer epitaxial graphene," Applied Physics Letters, vol. 95, 223108 (2009).

Book: C. Berger, M. Ruan, J. Palmer, J. Hankinson, Y. Hu, Z. Guo, R. Dong, E. Conrad, W.A. de Heer, "High Mobility Epitaxial Graphene for Carbon-based Nanoelectronics," ECS transactions –ULSI Process Integration 7- 41, 43 (2011).

Y.J. Song, A.F. Otte, Y. Kuk, Y. Hu, D.B. Torrance, P.N. First, W.A. de Heer, H. Min, S. Adam, M.D. Stiles, A.H. MacDonald, J.A. Stroscio, "High-resolution tunnelling spectroscopy of a graphene quartet," Nature, Vol 467, 185 -189 (2010).

D. Sun, C. Divin, C.M. Berger, W.A. DeHeer, P.N. First, T.B. Norris, "Hot Carrier Cooling by Acoustic Phonons in Epitaxial Graphene by Ultrafast Pump-probe Spectroscopy," phys. stat. solidi C, Vol 8, 1194 (2011).

P.M. Zheng, S.E. Bryan, Y. Yang, R. Murali, A. Naeemi, J.D. Meindl, "Hydrogenation of Graphene Nanoribbon Edges: Improvement in Carrier Transport," IEEE, (2013).

J. Hass, J. E. Millán-Otoya, P. M. First, E. H. Conrad, "Interface structure of epitaxial graphene grown on 4H-SiC(0001)," Phys. Rev. B, vol. 78, 205424-1-205424-10 (2008).

Book: D.M. Sun, J.M. Rioux, J.E. Sipe, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, T.B. Norris, "Interlayer Electronic Coupling Observed by Polarization Dependent Coherently Controlled Photocurrent Generation in Multilayer Epitaxial Graphene," 2011 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Cleo), (2011).

A. Veugopal, L. Colombo, E.M. Vogel, "Issues with Characterizing Transport Properties of Graphene Field Effect Transistors," Solid State Communications, Vol 152, 1311 -1316 (2012).

M. Kindermann, E.J. Mele, "Landau quantization in twisted bilayer graphene: The Dirac comb," Phys. Rev. B, Vol 84, 161406 (2011).

W.A. de Heer, C. Berger, M. Ruan, M. Sprinkle, X. Li, Y. Hu, B. Zhang, J. Hankinson, E.H. Conrad, "Large area and structured epitaxial graphene produced by confinement controlled sublimation of silicon carbide," Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., Vol 108, 16900 (2011).

D.M. Sokolov, K.M. Shepperd, T.M. Orlando, "Laser-Induced Reduction of Graphite-oxide," J. Phys. Chem. B, Vol 1 (18), Iss 2633, (2011).


M. Orlita, C. Faugeras, J. Borysiuk, J. Baranowski, W. Strupinski, M. Sprinkle, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, D.M. Basko, G. Martinez, M. Potemski, "Magneto-optics of bilayer inclusions in multilayered epitaxial graphene on the carbon face of SiC," Phys. Rev. B, Vol 83, 125302 (2011).


C. Mathieu, N. Barrett, J. Rault, Y.Y. Mi, B. Zhang , W.A. de Heer , C. Berger, E.H. Conrad, O. Renault, "Microscopic correlation between chemical and electronic states in epitaxial graphene on SiC(000 ¯1)," Phys. Rev. B, Vol 83, 235436 (2011).

Website: H.B. Martin, "Miracle Material," http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=119493&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1, (2011).

F. Ming, A. Zangwill, "Model and simulations of the epitaxial growth of graphene on non-planar 6H-SiC surfaces," Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol 45, 154007 (2012).

H.M. Chiu, S.M. Kim, C.M. Klinke, E.M. Riedo, "Morphology dependence of radial elasticity in multiwalled boron nitride nanotubes," Applied Physics Letters, Vol 101, Iss 10, 103109 (2012).

M. Sprinkle, J. Hicks, A. Tejeda, A. Tlaeb-Ibrahimi, P. Le Fevre, F. Bertran, H. Tinkey, M.C. Clark, P. Soukiassian, D. Martinotti, J. Hass, E.H. Conrad, "Multilayer epitaxial graphene grown on the SiC(000-1) surface; structure and electronic properties," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., Vol 43, 374006 (2010).

Z. Wei, D. Wang, C. Berger, W. De Heer, W.P. King, P. Sheehan, S. Marder, Y. Hu, S. Kim, E. Riedo, "Nanoscale Tunable Reduction of Reduced Graphene Oxide," Science, Vol 328, 1373 (2010).

H.M. Chiu, B.M. Ritz, S.M. Kim, E.M. Tosatti, C.M. Klinke, E.M. Riedo, "Nanotubes: Sliding on a Nanotube: Interplay of Friction, Deformations and Structure," Advanced Materials, Vol 24, Iss 21, 2879 -2884 (2012).

Magazine: E.H. Conrad, "Next Generation Semiconductors," CNRS International Magazine, no 29, April, 14 -15 (2013).

V.K. Kodali, S.M. Scrimgeour, S.M. Kim, J.M. Hankinson, K.M. Carroll, W.M. de Heer, J.M. Curtis, "Nonperturbative Chemical Modification of Graphene for Protein Micropatterning," Langmuir, Vol 27, Iss 3, 863 -865 (2011).

A.M. Zangwill, D. Vvedensky, "Novel Growth Mechanism for Epitaxial Graphene on Metals," Nano Letters, (2011).

P.J. van Zwol, S. Thiel, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, J. Chevrier, "Observation of enhanced nanoscale radiative heat flow due to surface plasmons in graphene and doped silicon," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol 109, 264301 (2012).


D. L. Miller, K. D. Kubista, G. M. Rutter, M. Ruan, W. A. de Heer, P. N. First, J. A. Stroscio, "Observing the quantization of zero mass carriers in graphene," Science, vol. 324:5929, 924-927 (2009).

S. Sarkar, S. Niyogi, E. Bekyarova, R.C. Haddon, "Organometallic Chemistry of Extended Periodic pi-Electron Systems: Hexahapto Chromium Complexes of Graphene and Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Chem. Sci., Vol 2, 1326 -1333 (2011).

J.A. Yan, M.Y. Chou, "Oxidation Functional Groups on Graphene: Structural and Electronic Properties," Phys. Rev. B, Vol 82, 125403 (2010).

S.E. Bryan, K. Brenner, Y. Yang, R. Murali, J.D. Meindl, "P-Type Electrical Transport of Chemically Doped Epitaxial Graphene Nanoribbons," IEEE, Vol N/A, Iss N/A, N -A (2012).

F. Ming, "Phase field modeling of submonolayer epitaxial growth," Phys. Rev. B, vol. 18:23, (2010).

S.D. Sherpa, S.A. Paniagua, G. Levitin, S.R. Marder, M.D. Williams, D.W. Hess, "Photoelectron Spectroscopy Studies of Plasma-Fluorinated Epitaxial Graphene," Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B, Vol 30, Iss 2, 021203-1 -021203-7 (2012).

P. M. Darancet, N. M. Wipf, D. M. Mayou, C. M. Berger, W. A. de Heer, "Quenching of quantum hall effect and the role of undoped planes in epitaxial graphene," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 101, 116806 (2008).


D.L. Miller, K.D. Kubista, G.M. Rutter, M. Ruan, W.A. de Heer, M. Kindermann, P.N. First, J.A. Stroscio, "Real-space mapping of magnetically quantized graphene states," Nature Physics, Vol 6, 811 -817 (2010).

Z. Guo, R. Dong, S. Chakraborty, N. Lourenco, J. Palmer, Y. Hu, M. Ruan, J. Hankinson, J. Kunc, J.D. Cressler, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, "Record Maximum Oscillation Frequency in C-face Epitaxial Graphene transistors," nano letters, Vol 13, 942 (2013).

M. Orlita, L.Z. Tan, M. Potemski, M. Sprinkle, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, S.G. Louie, G. Martinez, "Resonant Excitation of Graphene K-Phonon and Intra-Landau-Level Excitons in Magneto-Optical Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol 108, 247401 (2012).

S. Sarkar, E. Bekyarova, R.C. Haddon, "Reversible grafting of a-Naphthylmethyl Radicals to Epitaxial Graphene," Angew Chem. Int.Ed, Vol 51, 4901 -4904 (2012).

S. Kim, S. Zhou, Y. Hu, C. Berger, W. de Heer, A. Bongiorno, E. Riedo, , , "Room Temperature Metastability of Multilayer Epitaxial Graphene Oxide," Nature Mat., Vol In Press, (2012).

J. Hong, E. Bekyarova, P. Liang, W.A. de Heer, R.C. Haddon, S. Khizroev, "Room-temperature Magnetic Ordering in Functionalized Graphene," Sci. Rep., Vol 2, 624 (2012).

M. Sprinkle, M. Ruan, X. Wu, Y. Hu, M. Rubio-Roy, J. Hankinson, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, "Scalable templated growth of graphene nanoribbons on SiC," Nature Nanotechnology, Vol 5, Iss 727, (2010).


N. Sharma, D. Oh, H. Abernathy, M. Liu, P. N. First, T. M. Orlando, "Signatures of epitaxial graphene grown on Si-terminated 6H-SiC (0001)," Surface Science, vol. 604:2, 84-88 (2010).

A. Wiener, M. Kindermann, "Signatures of evanescent mode transport in graphene ," Phys. Rev. B, Vol 84, 245420 (2011).

F. Wang, K. Shepperd, J. Hicks, M.S. Nevius , H. Tinkey, A. Tejeda, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, F. Bertran, P. Le F`evre, D.B. Torrance,, P.N. First , W.A. de Heer, A.A. Zakharov, E.H. Conrad, "Silicon intercalation into the graphene-SiC interface," Phys. Rev. B, Vol In Press, (2012).

P. M. Plochocka, P. M. Kossacki, A. M. Golnik, T. M. Kazimierczuk, C. M. Berger, W. M. de Heer, M. M. Potemski, "Slowing hot-carrier relaxation in graphene using a magnetic field ," Phys. Rev. B, vol. 80, 245415 (2009).


L.T. McLane, P. Chang, A. Granqvist, H. Boehm, A. Kramer, J. Scrimgeour, J.E. Curtis, "Spatial organization and mechanical properties of the pericellular matrix on chondrocytes," Biophysical Journal, Vol 104, 1 -11 (2013).


R. M. Jackson, S. M. Graham, "Specific Contact Resistance at Metal/Carbon Nanotube Interfaces," Applied Physics Letters, vol. 94:1, 012109 (2009).

D. Sun, C. Divin, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, P. N. First, T. B. Norris, "Spectroscopic Measurement of Interlayer Screening in Multilayer Epitaxial Graphene," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 104:13, 136802-1-136802-4 (2010).

S. Niyogi, E. Bekyarova, M. Itkis, H. Ahang, K. Shepperd, J. Hicks, M. Sprinkle, C. Berger, C.N. Lau, W.A. deHeer, E.H. Conrad, R.C. Haddon, "Spectroscopy of Covalently Functionalized Graphene," ACS Publications, Vol 10, 4061 -4066 (2011).

B. Dlubak, P. Seneor, A. Anane, C. Deranlot, B. Servet, S. Xavier, M. Sprinkle, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, F. Petroff, A. Fert, "Spin transport in epitaxial graphene with large spin signals and macroscopic spin diffusion lengths," Nature Physics, Vol 8, 557 (2012).

V. Borovikov, A. Zangwill, "Step Bunching on Vicinal 6H-SiC(0001) Surfaces," Phys. Rev. B, vol. 79, 245413 (2009).

V. Borovikov, A. Zangwill, "Step-Edge Instability During Epitaxial Growth of Graphene from SiC(0001)," Phys. Rev. B, vol. 80, 121406(R) (2009).

D. L. Miller, K. D. Kubista, G. M. Rutter, M. Ruan, W. A. de Heer, P. N. First, J. A. Stroscio, "Structural analysis of multilayer graphene via atomic moire interferometry," Phys. Rev. B, vol. 81:12, 125427-(6 pages) (2010).

J. A. Yan, L. Xian, M. Y. Chou, "Structural and Electronic Properties of Oxidized Graphene," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 103, 086802 (2009).

Y. Hu, M. Ruan, Z. Guo, R. Dong, J. Palmer, J. Hankinson, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, "Structured epitaxial graphene growth," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., Vol 45, 15406 (2012).

M. Rubio-Roy, F. Zaman, Y. Hu, C. Berger, M. W. Moseley, J. D. Meindl, W. A. de Heer, "Structured epitaxial graphene growth on SiC by selective graphitization using a patterned AlN cap," Applied Physics Letters, vol. 96, 082112 (2010).

Magazine: J. Meindl, K. Brenner, "Study compares techniques for doping graphene for device and interconnect fabrication," Science Codex, (2011).

J. Hicks, M. Sprinkle, K. Shepperd, F. Wang, A. Tejeda, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, F. Bertran , P. Le Fe`vre, W.A. de Heer , C. Berger, E.H. Conrad, , "Symmetry breaking in commensurate graphene rotational stacking: Comparison of theory and experiment," Phys. Rev. B, Vol 83, 205403 (2011)

H.M. Sojoudi, S.M. Graham, "Synthesis of Wafer-Scale and Patterned Graphene Films on Dielectric Substrates Using Trace Carbon Sources," Nanoscale, Vol submitted, (2012).

W.A. de Heer, "The Development of Epitaxial Graphene For 21st Century Electronics ," MRS bulletin, Vol 36, 633 (2011).

J. Hass, W. A. de Heer, E. H. Conrad, "The Growth and Morphology of Epitaxial Multilayer Graphene," Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, vol. 32, 323202 (2008).

H. Sojoudi, J. Baltazar, C. Henderson, S. Graham, "The Impact of Post-Growth Thermal Annealing and Environmental Exposure on the Unintentional Doping of CVD Graphene Films," Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B, Vol 30, 041213 (2012).

W.A. de Heer, "The invention of graphene electronics and the physics of epitaxial graphene on silicon carbide ," Phys. Scr.: Proceedings of the Nobel Prize Symposium on graphene, Vol T146 , 014004 (2012).

L.A. Lyon, A. Fernandez-Nieves, "The Polymer/Colloid Duality of Microgel Suspensions," Annual Review of Physical Chemistry, Vol 63, (2012).

J. Hicks, K. Shepperd, F. Wang, E.H. Conrad, "The structure of graphene grown on the SiC(000-1) surface," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., Vol 45, 154002 (2012).

X. Wu, Y. Hu, M. Ruan, N.K. Madiomanana, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, "Thermoelectric effect in high mobility single layer epitaxial graphene," Appl Phys Lett, Vol 99, 133102 (2011).

Book: S.M. Winnerl, D. Steh, M.C. Wagner, H. Schneider, M. Helm, W. Seidel, P. Michel, B.A. Carpenter, N.E. Porter, M.S. Skolnick, L.R. Wilson, T. Grange, R. Ferreira, G. Bastard, M. Orlita, P. Plochocka, P. Kossacki, M. Potemski, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, "Time resolved spectroscopy on quantum dots and graphene at the FELBE free-electron laser.," Ultrafast phenomena in semiconductors and nanostructure materials XV book Series, 793708 (2011).

M.D. Williams, D.K. Samarakoon, D.W. Hess, X. Wang, "Tunable Bands in Biased Multilayer Epitaxial Graphene," Nanoscale, Vol 4, 2962 -2967 (2012).

C. M. Faugeras, M. M. Amado, P. M. Kossacki, M. M. Orlita, M. M. Sprinkle, C. M. Berger, W. A. de Heer, M. M. Potemski, "Tuning the electron-phonon coupling in multilayer graphene with magnetic fields ," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 103, 186803 (2009).

D. Sun, Z. Wu, C. Divin, X. Li, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, P. N. First, T. B. Norris, "Ultrafast Relaxation of Excited Dirac Fermions in Epitaxial Graphene using Optical Differential Transmission Spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 101, 157402-157402-4 (2008).

 

J. Hicks, R. Arora, E. Kenyon, P.S. Chakrabort, , H. Tinkey, J. Hankinson, C. Berger, W.A. de Heer, E.H. Conrad, J.D. Cressler, "X-ray radiation effects in multilayer epitaxial graphene," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol 99, 23102 (2011).

 

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